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Liver health :- How to keep your liver healthy ?

Liver health :- How to keep your liver healthy ?

About 10 lakh new people are diagnosed with liver cirrhosis every year in India. According to the World Health Organisation, liver disease is the tenth leading cause of mortality in India. Statistics show that the number of people with liver problems has doubled over the past decade, requiring more than 50,000 liver transplants per year.

Liver is the largest solid organ of the body. It removes pollutants from the bloodstream, regulates blood clotting and performs other important functions. Hepatitis, fatty liver disease, autoimmune conditions, genetic conditions, liver cirrhosis, liver failure, liver cancer are some of the common liver diseases that require medical attention.

symptoms of liver disease
Liver disease may not always show major signs and symptoms. Seek further medical attention if you notice any of the following symptoms of liver disease:

Skin and eyes that appear yellow (jaundice).
Darkening of urine.
Yellow stool color.
Swelling of feet and ankles.
itchy skin.
Excessive fatigue
Abdominal pain and bloating.
nausea or vomiting.
loss of appetite.
Tendency to scratch easily.
Talk to your family doctor if you have persistent symptoms of liver disease.

liver function
Liver is an important organ that performs more than 500 important functions in the body. Here are some of its most important functions:

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Albumin production: This is a protein that prevents fluid in the bloodstream from leaking into surrounding tissues. It also transports hormones, vitamins and enzymes to the body.
Bile production: This fluid is important for the digestion and absorption of fats in the small intestine.
Filters the blood: The liver filters all the blood that comes out of the stomach and intestines, removing toxins, waste products, and other dangerous compounds.
Regulates amino acids: The liver maintains healthy levels of amino acids in the bloodstream that are necessary for the production of proteins.
Prevents Infection: The liver filters the blood and removes bacteria from the bloodstream.
Store nutrients: The liver stores significant amounts of vitamins A, D, E, K and B12, as well as iron and copper.

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Processes glucose: The liver removes excess glucose from the bloodstream and stores it as glycogen.
ways to keep liver healthy
Liver is one of the largest and most important organs of the body. Having an unhealthy liver can lead to various liver diseases and metabolic disorders. Follow these tips in your daily life to maintain the health of your liver:

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Avoid consumption of alcohol. Excessive alcohol consumption can damage liver cells and cause inflammation and scarring (cirrhosis).
Exercise regularly. Exercise reduces stress on the liver, boosts energy levels and helps prevent obesity – a risk factor for liver disease.

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eat healthy. High levels of fat in the blood and high levels of cholesterol are common causes of fatty liver disease. Reduce the amount of saturated fat, trans fat and hydrogenated fat in your diet.
Fight obesity Obesity, specifically, abdominal or central obesity, is a major risk factor for developing fatty liver disease. Aim for an ideal body mass index (BMI) goal.
Protect yourself against hepatitis B or C. Practice safe sex and avoid sharing personal items unnecessarily to prevent the spread of hepatitis B or C.
Quit smoking Being exposed to tobacco smoke can have toxic effects on your liver.
Get vaccinated. If you’re at increased risk for hepatitis, talk to your doctor about getting the hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccines.
Use medicines wisely. Take medicines only in the prescribed and recommended dosage.
Protect yourself from toxins. Use a mask or gloves when handling insecticides, fungicides, paints and other toxic chemicals. Keep the area well ventilated to avoid breathing in the fumes.
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Liver disease can affect your ability to filter toxins, break down fats and make important proteins. The Department of Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery specializes in a wide range of acute and chronic conditions affecting the liver, pancreas and associated biliary system and is supported by the latest technology for the diagnosis and treatment of liver disease.

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