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Fatty Liver, A Silent Epidemic In India

Fatty Liver, A Silent Epidemic In India

Fatty liver disease is a growing issue in India, affecting millions of people. Fatty liver is caused by the accumulation of excess fat in the liver. This can result in serious health problems like inflammation, cirrhosis and even liver failure or liver cancer. Fatty liver is on the rise in India due to unhealthy lifestyle choices such as poor diet and excessive alcohol consumption. Lack of physical exercise and increase in sedentary lifestyle, obesity and diabetes are highly responsible factors for fatty liver. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a lifestyle condition affecting 25–30% of the global population.

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High levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, as well as iron overload from hereditary hemochromatosis (a disorder where too much iron builds up), are other variables that contribute to fatty liver. Other medical conditions that may increase your chances of developing fatty liver disease include hepatitis C virus infection, pregnancy-related issues such as gestational diabetes or preeclampsia, metabolic syndrome (a combination of obesity and related health problems), and HIV infection.

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Certain lifestyle changes can help reduce the risk of fatty liver-

eating a healthy diet with lots of fruits and vegetables
avoiding processed foods
maintaining a healthy weight
managing stress
quit smoking and limit alcohol consumption
Consulting a liver specialist for regular follow-up and diagnosis

best gastroenterologist in varanasi

The importance of health has come to the fore in the first half of 2020. The spread of Covid 19 has made everyone realize the importance of good health. NAFLD is the most common liver disease in human history, estimated to affect approximately two billion individuals worldwide. Yet it remains largely unknown to the general public and healthcare professionals. Despite numbers already rising, the burden of NAFLD is predicted to increase over the next decades. NAFLD is a classic contemporary time health concern.

In India, NAFLD has emerged as a serious public health problem, contributing to the large burden of hepatic and comorbid conditions. Educating students and children about healthy lifestyle may be the need of the hour. Efforts also need to be made to influence the views of the general public on this silent epidemic. Although India has made great strides in NAFLD research in the last decade, much more needs to be done.

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